Top 6 Ways to Fix The Para­me­ter Is Incor­rect Error on Win­dows 11

Pankil Shah

Accessing your external drives on a Windows PC is usually a trouble-free experience. Plug your hard drive, thumb drive, or SD Card, and you're good to go. What if Windows throws 'The parameter is incorrect' or 'Location is not available' error? You can fix that error.

Top Ways to Fix The Parameter is Incorrect Error on Windows 11

While reasons behind such problem ranges from corrupted data to outdated drivers. We’ve put together a list of solutions to fix this issue. So, let’s get started.

1. Use Check Disk Utility

Corrupted data is one of the most prominent reasons you might encounter the 'incorrect parameter' error. Hence, you can start by using the Check Disk utility on Windows. It will repair your external drive for any corrupted data and bad sectors that might fix the issue.

Step 1: Press Windows key + E to launch the File Explorer.

Step 2: Select the problematic drive and press Alt + Enter to open its Properties.

Step 3: In the Properties windows, switch to the Tools tab. Under the Error Checking section, click on the Check button.

Scan Drive for Errors

Note: You must be signed in as an administrator to run the Error Checking tool.

Step 4: Lastly, select the Repair drive option to begin the check disk operation.

Repair Drive

Depending on the size of the external drive in question, this process might take a while. Once done, restart your PC and see if you can access the drive.

2. Run an SFC Scan

If system files cause the error, you can try scanning the system files on your PC with the SFC (or System File Checker) scan. It will automatically detect any missing or corrupted system files and replace them with their cached version.

Step 1: Right-click on the Start menu icon and select the Windows Terminal (admin) option from the resulting menu.

Open Windows Terminal Admin

Step 2: Type in the command given below and press Enter.

sfc /scannow
Run SFC Scan

Wait for the scan to complete. If the scan can detect and fix files, you’ll see a message, ‘Windows Resource Protection found corrupt files and successfully repaired them’. If not, move to the next solution.

3. Run a DISM Scan

You can run a DISM (Deployment Image Servicing and Management) scan to troubleshoot the problem. It will not only scan the system files on your PC but also download internal system files from Microsoft’s server, if required. Of course, your PC needs to be connected to the internet for that.

Step 1: Press Windows key + X and select Windows Terminal (admin).

Step 2: Enter the following commands one by one and press Enter after each command.

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth
DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth
DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
DISM Scan

4. Scan for Malware

Another reason why you might face the ‘Parameter is Incorrect’ error is if the external drive connected to your PC is infected with malware. To rule out this possibility, you can try scanning the external drive using the Microsoft Defender.

Step 1: Open up the File Explorer on your PC, right-click on the external drive, and select Show more options.

Show More Options

Step 2: Select Scan with Microsoft Defender.

Scan Drive with Microsoft Defender

This will initiate a thorough scan of the external drive and report any threats if found.

We recommend trying out the free version of the Malwarebytes to run a scan and check for any malware.

Get Malwarebytes

5. Update Disk Driver

If the drive is free from errors, then the problem could be related to outdated or corrupted disk drivers on your PC. If that’s the case, then updating those drivers should resolve the issue. Here’s how to do it.

Step 1: Open the Start menu, type device manager, and press Enter.

Open Device Manager

Step 2: In the Device Manager window, expand Disk drives. Right-click on the problematic driver and select the Update driver option.

Update Disk Driver

Once updated, restart your PC and see if the error is resolved.

6. Format the Drive

If every method above fails and if you’re facing the same error when connecting your drive to another computer, then you’ll have to format the drive as the last option. Note that formatting the drive will erase all the content on your drive, so we recommend you to take a backup of important files before you format the drive.

Step 1: In the File Explorer window, right-click on the problematic drive and select Format.

Format Drive on Windows

Step 2: In the following window, hit Start to begin formatting the drive.

Format Drive on Windows 11

Once formatted, you'll no longer see the error.

Access with Ease

While such errors can effectively prevent you from accessing the files inside the drive, hopefully, the above solutions were good enough to resolve the problem. As always, if you find any other solution that works, do share it in the comments below.


The above article may contain affiliate links which help support Guiding Tech. However, it does not affect our editorial integrity. The content remains unbiased and authentic.

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Pankil Shah

Written By

Pankil Shah

Pankil is a Civil Engineer by profession who started his journey as a writer at EOTO.tech. He recently joined Guiding Tech as a freelance writer to cover how-tos, explainers, buying guides, tips and tricks for Android, iOS, Windows, and Web.