12 Best Ways to Fix Microsoft Edge Closed Unexpectedly on Windows

Microsoft has improved the default Edge browser at a brisk pace. Features like Collections, Sleep tabs, vertical tabs, and a neat Bing Chat integration is popular among users. However, it’s not void of issues. Users have complained about Microsoft Edge not opening, high-memory usage, crashing, and more. If Microsoft Edge keeps freezing, read along to fix the problem.

Fix Microsoft edge closed unexpectedly on Windows

Here are some of the issues people usually face with Microsoft Edge.

  • Microsoft Edge closed unexpectedly: It’s one of the irritating behaviors of Microsoft Edge. The browser closes out of nowhere, and you must open it and restore all the tabs again. It may impact your workflow if you have an ongoing Google Meet call or an unsaved document.
  • Microsoft Edge keeps crashing: Edge automatically crashes when browsing on a slow network or with insufficient RAM.
  • Microsoft Edge keeps freezing: Microsoft Edge freezes on a webpage and won’t let you scroll or perform any other task. You must use the Task Manager to force close the app.
  • Edge closes immediately after opening: When you open Microsoft Edge, the browser opens for a few seconds and closes automatically.

Why Microsoft Closed Unexpectedly on Windows

Here are some common factors leading to a below-average web-browsing experience on Windows.

  • Insufficient RAM
  • Resource-hungry tasks running in the background
  • Slow internet connection
  • Bogus files on your PC affecting Microsoft Edge
  • Outdated Microsoft Edge

How to Fix Microsoft Edge Crashing on Windows

As mentioned earlier, there are multiple factors at play here. We will start with the basics and move to advanced tricks to fix Microsoft Edge.

1. Check the Internet Connection

Microsoft has integrated the Edge browser with the News add-on. As soon as you open Microsoft Edge on Windows, it loads the news articles and Bing wallpaper on the home page.

Constant news update requires a stable network connection. If you are working on a sloppy internet connection, it may fail to load the latest news articles from the web and crash on launch.

Step 1: Launch Windows Settings by pressing the Windows + I keys.

Step 2: Confirm the connected status under the Network & internet menu.

check network speed on windows

You can also use fast.com or apps like Speedtest to ensure a high-speed internet connection on the PC. If Wi-Fi isn’t working on your PC, check our dedicated guide.

2. Force Close Microsoft Edge

Microsoft has a habit of opening the Edge browser during system startup. So when you hit the ‘X’ mark in the menu bar, the Edge browser processes keep running in the background.

In such cases, when you try to open the browser again, it may crash or close unexpectedly on your computer. You must completely close the Edge browser and its related background processes from the Windows Task Manager.

Step 1: Hit the Windows Key and search for Task Manager. Press Enter.

Step 2: Select Mircosoft Edge under the Processes menu and select End task in the top right corner.

Close Microsoft Edge

Open Microsoft Edge and see if the issue persists.

3. Disable Edge Extensions

The Edge browser is built on Google’s open-source Chromium web engine. It is compatible with all the Chromium extensions from the Chrome Web Store. However, you shouldn’t go overboard and cramp the browser with dozens of extensions.

Some extensions may not be actively maintained, could be outdated, or develop compatibility issues with newer Edge builds. In such scenarios, you may run into the Edge browser closing unexpectedly on Windows. Let’s remove unnecessary extensions from Edge.

Step 1: Open Microsoft Edge.

Step 2: Click the three-dot menu in the top right corner and go to the Extensions menu.

extensions menu Microsoft Edge

Step 3: Select the tiny Remove button under the extension and delete it from the browser.

remove Microsoft Edge extensions

4. Clear Cache and Cookies

Every web browser collects cache and cookies data in the background to make your web-browsing experience snappier.

However, the corrupt cache can interfere with the Edge browser and crashes it on startup. Let’s clear the cache and try running Edge again.

Step 1: Open the Edge browser and click on the three-dot menu above.

Step 2: Select Settings.

open Microsoft Edge settings

Step 3: Select Privacy, search and services from the sidebar and click ‘Choose What to Clear’.

choose what to clear on edge

Step 4: Select Cookies and Cache and hit Clear data at the bottom.

clear Microsoft Edge cache

Relaunch the Microsoft Edge browser and inspect if problems with Edge have been fixed.

5. Check the Device RAM

If you have several apps and processes running in the background, Microsoft Edge may crash on startup due to low RAM. You need to close unnecessary apps and free up physical memory on Windows.

Step 1: Right-click on Windows key and open Task Manager.

task manager on windows

Step 2: Check physical memory in use, and if it’s approaching 90%, select irrelevant apps and hit End task at the top.

free up RAM on Windows

Launch Microsoft Edge once you have enough RAM on your PC.

6. Enable Sleeping Tabs

Does Microsoft Edge keep freezing on your PC? You need to enable sleeping tabs that save system resources for inactive tabs.

Step 1: Open Microsoft Edge and click the three-dot menu at the top. Go to Settings.

Microsoft Edge settings

Step 2: Head to System and performance and enable the Sleeping tabs toggle.

sleeping tabs in Microsoft Edge

You can also exclude specific websites from the behavior and tweak the duration to activate sleeping tabs.

7. Enable Efficiency Mode in Microsoft Edge

If you are running Microsoft Edge on an entry-level laptop with low specifications, enable the efficiency mode to prevent the browser from crashing.

Step 1: Head to Microsoft Edge Settings > System and performance menu.

Step 2: Enable the Efficiency mode and minimize power usage by saving computer resources.

enable efficiency mode Microsoft Edge

8. Scan the PC for Malware

If your PC is infected with bogus and corrupt files, you may face issues with running Edge. You should run a full PC scan and try again.

Step 1: Press the Windows key and search for Windows Security.

open windows security

Step 2: Go to Virus & threat protection and select Scan options.

open scan options

Step 3: Run a full PC scan from the following menu.

run windows security scan

9. Use PowerShell

You can delete the Mircosoft Edge folder from the AppData folder and use the PowerShell tool to run the browser again.

Step 1: Press Windows + R keys to open the Run menu. Type ‘%localappdata% and hit Enter.

open local app data

Step 2: Open the Packages folder.

packages folder

Step 3: Find ‘Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe’ folder and delete it.

delete Microsoft Edge folder

Step 4: Press the Windows key and search for PowerShell. Right-click on it and run the app as admin.

open powershell

Step 5: Type the following command and hit Enter.

Get-AppXPackage -AllUsers -Name Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge |Foreach {Add-AppxPackage -DisableDevelopmentMode -Register "$($_.InstallLocation)AppXManifest.xml" -Verbose}
powershell tool to fix Microsoft Edge

Step 6: Restart the PC and use Microsoft Edge as usual.

10. Repair Microsoft Edge

If none of the tricks work, it’s time to repair Microsoft Edge on Windows. Here’s what you need to do.

Step 1: Use the Windows + I keys to open Settings.

Step 2: Go to Apps > Installed Apps section.

installed apps on windows

Step 3: Scroll to Microsoft Edge and click the three-dot menu beside it. Select Modify.

modify Microsoft Edge

Step 4: Select Repair and use the on-screen instructions to complete the process.

repair Microsoft Edge

11. Change Google Search Engine

Many Microsoft Edge users observed that the Edge browser crashed when Google was set as the default search engine.

As a temporary workaround, you can change the default search engine from Google to Bing, Yahoo, or DuckDuckGo and continue browsing. Here are the steps to make relevant changes.

Step 1: Open the Edge browser and go to Settings.

Step 2: Navigate to Privacy, Search, and Services > Address bar and Search menu.

address bar and search on Microsoft Edge

Step 3: Find the Search engine used in the address bar option. Click on it and select a non-Google search engine.

Change Microsoft Edge search engine

12. Update Microsoft Edge

Microsoft Edge closed unexpectedly might be due to an outdated browser build on your computer. The company regularly updates the Edge browser to improve its stability and functionality.

You should install the latest Edge build on your device for a smooth Edge experience.

Open the Edge browser and go to Settings > About Microsoft Edge, and download the latest version on your computer.

Update Microsoft Edge

Enjoy Smooth Web-Browsing on Windows

Microsoft Edge closing unexpectedly can affect your workflow and browsing experience. For example, Edge may freeze or crash when several tabs are open for important research. Also, Edge may not restore all the tabs when you open the browser again. So try out the steps mentioned above to troubleshoot the issue. Also, let us know in the comments below if you’ve found another solution.

Last updated on 25 April, 2023

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