Autonomous cars are all the rage these days. Driverless cars could change the transportation sector forever and offer an unprecedented level of convenience. Imagine not having to concentrate on driving and being able to complete tasks while your car drives you to work, or having driverless trucks transport our goods. But what about aircrafts?
Well recently, Lockheed Martin demonstrated the combined use of optionally piloted helicopters and small unmanned aerial systems for the purpose of extinguishing fires and carrying out search and rescue operations.
Something on earth is always burning
A Team of 4 Aircrafts
Lockheed Martin’s demonstration was done using a team of 4 aircrafts with each complementing the others’ capabilities. The aircraft used were as follows:
- Indago quadrorotor unmanned aerial system
- K-MAX optionally-piloted helicopter
- Deserk Hawk 3.1 unmanned aircraft system
- Sikorsky Autonomy Research Aircraft(SARA)
Indago Quadrotor Unmanned Aerial System
The Indago was used in the demonstration to locate spots where there was fire.
K-MAX Optionally-Piloted Helicopter
The information collected by the Indago was then transmitted to an operator.The operator then sent instructions to the K-MAX to collect water from a nearby pond to be dumped onto the fire. The fire was subsequently put out; all this without a human flying the helicopter.
Deserk Hawk 3.1 Unmanned Aircraft System
The Deserk Hawk scouted the demonstration area for any missing persons. One person was located, and this information was relayed to SARA.
Sikorsky Autonomy Research Aircraft(SARA)
After receiving the information, SARA flew off to conduct the rescue of the missing person.
Motivation Behind Autonomous Firefighting
For this reason, many firefighters risk their lives to fight these fires and protect communities. Naturally, this is dangerous work, and unfortunately, many firefighters have lost their lives to wildfires.
This is where autonomous firefighting aircraft come into play. Instead of putting human life on the line, these aircrafts can be put into action to aid in perilous firefighting activities.
These aircraft can fly into dangerous zones, fight fires and even save lives. They also are not prone to the same errors that humans are and don’t suffer from fatigue.
Other Possible Uses For Lockheed Martin’s Autonomous Aircraft
In addition to their firefighting capabilities, these aircraft could be used in other applications as well. Take the K-MAX for example. It is capable of the following:
- Aerial drilling operations for the oil and gas industry.
- Delivery of humanitarian aid.
- Delivery of supplies in a military environment.
- Aerial application of herbicide, pesticide and fertilizer to support the health of forestry.
The amazing thing is that the applications mentioned above are probably just scratching the surface of the capabilities of autonomous aircraft. It will be exciting to see what the future brings as the technology develops.
Take a look at the aircraft in action at the demonstration which was conducted on November 8th, 2016.