How to Fix Windows 7 Search Indexing Issues – Guiding Tech

Featuring Indexing

You know how the index of a book helps you look for contents in it. Similarly, Windows has an

indexing mechanism

that speeds up

searching of files

in the system. Instead of going through each drive and directory, Windows simply searches for the associated index and maps the real location of the file.

However, the performance of search indexes is not always accurate and pleasing. Sometimes you may see messages that search results are slow, search results might be incomplete, media is not present in the search location or Windows search indexer has stopped working.

Let us see ways to counter these problems and fix the issues. There is no advanced troubleshooting here. We are going to discuss basic and general solutions. But, you may always take these as a step by step process to try and solve your issues.

Cool Tip: You may want to check out article on ways to resolve the slowness in loading of folders and files in Windows 7.

Windows Built-In Troubleshooting

There is an option to troubleshoot search and indexing using which Windows tries to identify and fix the issues. Here’s what you need to do.

Step 1: Click on Start menu and type index. Select Indexing Options from the list that appears.

Index Options

Step 2: That will open the Indexing Options window. Click on the link to Troubleshoot search and indexing.

Troubleshoot Search Indexing

Step 3: On the Search and Indexing dialog, select one or more of your problems, hit Next and wait for Windows to solve the issue.

Search Indexing Problems

Rebuild the Index

During course of time the indexing of files gets disconnected and messed up. So, try rebuilding the index and check if it helps.

Step 1: Click on Start menu and type index. Select Indexing Options from the list that appears.

Index Options

Step 2: That will open the Indexing Options window. Click on Advanced and enter the administrator password if prompted to do so.

Indexing Options Window

Step 3: In the Advanced Options dialog box, click the Index Settings tab, and then click Rebuild.

Rebuils Index

Check If Windows Search Index is Enabled

There could be a chance that Windows search feature has been disabled for you or gone inactive due to some other third party software. Enable it and test if the issues are rectified.

Step 1: Launch the Control Panel. Click on the Start  icon and click on Control Panel. The navigate to Programs and Features.

Step 2: On the left pane of the Control Panel window, click on the option to Turn Windows features on or off.

Windows Features Control

Step 3: The Windows Features dialog will show up. Scroll down to find Windows Search and make sure it is ticked.

Windows Search Feature

You may also want to try by ticking Indexing Service. It is meant to enable indexing services from previous versions of Windows.

Indexing Service Feature

Ensure Search Service is Active

In Windows even if everything is fine, you may face issues with a process if at all the services associated with it is off. Here’s how to check for indexing.

Step 1: Open Run dialog (Windows key + R), type services.msc and hit Enter.

Run Services Msc

Step 2: On the services window, search for Windows Search service. Select the service and turn it off by clicking on Stop from the top left.

Windows Search Service


These are the four things that a user should check if he ever faces indexing issues. If the processes do not help, there could be some malware or third party software interfering with the default.

Are you aware of more advanced ways of handling search and indexing issues? Share with us in the comments section.

Top Image Credit: Jereme Keith

Last updated on 03 February, 2022

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